Specific skills and knowledge demonstrated by the task:
Alignment with Project 2061 Benchmarks for Science Literacy
Alignment with National Science Education Standards
Students' ability to describe violent and catastrophic changing nature
of the universe.
4A-universe (9-12)#2:The current theory is
that its entire contents expanded explosively from a hot, dense, chaotic
mass. Stars condensed by gravity out of clouds and molecules of the
lightest elements until nuclear fusion of the light elements into
heavier ones began to occur. Fusion released great amounts of energy
over millions of years. Eventually, some stars exploded, producing
clouds of heavy elements from which other stars and planets could later
condense. The process of star formation and destruction continues.
Standard D- Earth and Space (9-12)- The Origin of the
universe- Stars produce energy from nuclear reactions, primarily
the fusion of hydrogen to form helium. These and other processes in
stars have led to the formation of all the other elements.
Students' ability to describe the technology for gathering data
scientists use to learn about the universe.
4A-universe (9-12)#3: Increasingly
sophisticated technology is used to learn about the universe. Visual,
radio and X-ray telescopes collect information from across the entire
spectrum of electromagnetic waves; computers handle an avalanche of data
and increasingly complicated computations to interpret them....
Standard A- Inquiry (9-12)- Understandings About
Scientific Inquiry - Scientists rely on technology to enhance the
gathering and manipulation of data. New techniques and tools provide new
evidence to guide inquiry and new methods to gather data, thereby
contributing to the advance of science.
Students' ability to describe a particular cosmic object or event.
4A universe (9-12)#2 … Eventually, some
stars exploded producing clouds containing heavy elements from which
other stars (and presumably planets orbiting them) could later condense.
The process of star formation and destruction continues.
Standard D: Earth and Space- The Origin and Evolution
of the universe - …Billions of galaxies, each of which is
a gravitationally bound cluster of billions of stars, now form most of
the visible mass in the universe…Stars produce energy from
nuclear reactions, primarily the fusion of hydrogen to form helium,
These and other processes in stars have led to the formation of all the