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Normal & Starburst Galaxies
X-ray Astronomy Field Guide
Normal & Starburst Galaxies
Questions and Answers
Normal & Starburst Galaxies
Chandra Images
Normal & Starburst Galaxies
Animations & Video: Normal Galaxies & Starburst Galaxies
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Click for high-resolution animation
1. Tour of Sombrero
QuicktimeMPEG Audio Only We begin with the Hubble Space Telescope's optical light view of the Sombrero galaxy, also known as M104. Sombrerois one of the largest galaxies in the nearby Virgo cluster, about 28 million light years from Earth. Some of the prominent features of the Sombrero, which are highlighted in Hubble's image, include its large bulge of stars in the center and the thick band of dust that appears as the dark lane across the galaxy's mid-section. Like the Milky Way, Sombrero is a spiral galaxy. However, we see Sombrero edge-on from our vantage point from Earth, rather than the face-down perspective that is more familiar. A Great Observatories view of the same Sombrero reveals different aspects of the galaxy. The X-ray image from the Chandra X-ray Observatory shows hot gas in the galaxy that appears as a diffuse glow that extends over 60,000 light years from the Sombrero's center. Also, Chandra detects many point-like sources of X-ray emission that are mostly stars within Sombrero but some are quasars in the distant background. The rim of dust that blocks the starlight in the Hubble image glows brightly in the Spitzer Space Telescope's infrared image. Also, the central bulge of stars strongly emits infrared emission detected by Spitzer.
[Runtime: 1:22]
(Credit: X-ray: NASA/UMass/Q.D.Wang et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI/AURA/Hubble Heritage; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. AZ/R.Kennicutt/SINGS Team)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
2. Images of M33 X-7
QuicktimeMPEG This sequence begins with a wide-field optical image from Kitt Peak of M33, a spiral galaxy about 3 million light years from Earth, and then zooms into a view from the Gemini telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Next, the view zooms into an even smaller field, from the Hubble Space Telescope, that includes M33 X-7, the most massive known black hole to be formed from the collapse of a star. The final image is a composite of the region around M33 X-7 that contains both the Chandra and Hubble data.
[Runtime: 0:35]
(Kitt Peak: NOAO/AURA/NSF/T.A.Rector; Gemini: AURA/Gemini Obs./SDSU/J.Orosz et al.; HST: NASA/STScI/SDSU/J.Orosz et al.; Chandra: NASA/CXC/CfA/P.Plucinsky et al.)

Click for high-resolution animation
3. Zoom into Spiral Galaxy C153
QuicktimeMPEG This video zooms into the C153 spiral galaxy found in the galaxy cluster Abell 2125. The initial view moves from the NOAO telescope wide-field mosaic into the Hubble Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 image of C153. The Hubble image then dissolves into the composite detail of X-ray, radio and optical images.
[Runtime: ]
(NASA/STScI)

Click for high-resolution animation
4. Animation of Galaxy C153 Stripped of Hydrogen
QuicktimeMPEG This animated artist's concept shows how the "distressed" galaxy C153 is being stripped of hydrogen from its spiral arms.
[Runtime: ]
(NASA/STScI/G.Bacon)

Click for high-resolution animation
5. Element Map of The Antennae
QuicktimeMPEG This sequence zooms in on an optical image of the central region of The Antennae, then dissolves to a Chandra X-ray image of the multimillion-degree-gas clouds in this system. The image next dissolves to a sequence of images that shows hot gas clouds where the abundances of iron (red), magnesium (green), and silicon (blue) atoms are greatest. The final image is a composite of the three abundance maps.
[Runtime: 0:16]
(Optical: Digital Sky Survey; X-ray and Element Maps: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Fabbiano et al.)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
6. Optical and X-Ray Images of The Antennae
QuicktimeMPEG The movie zooms in from a wide-field optical image of the colliding galaxy system known as The Antennae. The optical image dissolves to a Chandra X-ray image colored to show the intensity of the low (red), medium (green) and high (blue) energy X-rays from huge diffuse clouds of multimillion degree Celsius gas, and bright point-like sources from neutron stars and black holes.
[Runtime: 0:08]
(Optical: Digital Sky Survey; X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Fabbiano et al.)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
7. Animation of Colliding Galaxies
QuicktimeMPEG The sequence begins by depicting the collision of two large galaxies which now form The Antennae. Gas and stars from the galaxies are ejected into long arcs. The animation then shows how collisions between huge gas clouds in the central region of the merging system trigger a stellar baby boom. Next, as seen in a closer view, the most massive of these stars race through their evolution in a few million years. These stars end their lives as they explode as supernovas that further heat the clouds and enrich them with heavy elements. In conclusion, the animation dissolves into Chandra's X-ray image of The Antennae galaxies.
[Runtime: 0:39]
(Simulation: NASA/STScI/G.Bacon; Animation: NASA/CXC/A.Hobart; X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Fabbiano et al.)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
8. NGC 4649 Animation
QuicktimeMPEG The optical image of NGC 4649 dissolves into the corresponding Chandra X-ray image. NGC is about 60 million light years away in the constellation of Virgo.
[Runtime: 0:60]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/A.Hobart; X-ray: NASA/CXC/UVa/S.Randall et al.; Optical: Digital Sky Survey)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
9. NGC 1553 Animation
QuicktimeMPEG The optical image of NGC 1553 fades into the corresponding Chandra X-ray image. NGC is about 70 million light years away in the constellation of Dorado.
[Runtime: 0:25]
(Animation: NASA/CXC/A.Hobart; X-ray: NASA/CXC/UVa/E.Blanton et al.; Optical: Digital Sky Survey)

Related Chandra Images:

Click for high-resolution animation
10. NGC 4697 Animation
QuicktimeMPEG The optical image of NGC 4697 dissolves into the corresponding Chandra X-ray image. NGC 4697 is about 40 million light years away in the constellation of Virgo.
[Runtime: 0:30]
(NASA/CXC/A.Hobart; X-ray: NASA/CXC/UVa/C.Sarazin et al.; Optical: Digital Sky Survey)

Related Chandra Images:

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