Featured Resources
Classroom-Ready Activities
Science Olympiad Webinar
Science Olympiad JS9 Guide
Space Math @ NASA
NSO Tests 2024
- ASTRO National Exam
- ASTRO National Key
- RFTS National Exam
- RFTS National Key
Informal Education
Interactive Games
Space Scoop
STOP for Science
Chandra Podcasts
Printable Materials
Resource Request
Educators' Comments
Evaluation Form
Links & Resources
Education Collaborations
Passport to Knowledge
Space Place
Web Shortcuts
Chandra Blog
RSS Feed
Email Newsletter
News & Noteworthy
Image Use Policy
Questions & Answers
Glossary of Terms
Download Guide
Get Adobe Reader

Modeling the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Models are necessary in helping us understand relationships, but they can also be misleading. To use models effectively, it is important to understand how a model may be different from what it represents. You are familiar with models - we use them to help us "see" things that are too large for us to see - such as the Milky Way Galaxy - and things that are too small, such as the structure of an atom. Models can also help us understand what happens when the time it takes for things to happen is very long - the orbit of a comet for example. Models can take many forms. Some are physical models, such as maps and the chart of the electromagnetic spectrum pictured above, for example. Others are mental models, such as the Bohr model of the atom that comes to mind when we think of atoms. Still other models are mathematical, such as the equations that model the curvature of spacetime, which is impossible to make into a physical model, or even into a mental image. We use many models to help us visualize and understand ideas.

All of these models have distortions. Flat maps of the Earth get more exaggerated towards the edges - putting a round shape onto a flat surface causes some of the countries to look larger than they really are. The larger the concept the model is describing, the larger the amount of distortion in the model. However, models are still useful because they help us see relationships, and because they are convenient. A flat map may be folded up and put in your pocket. So there are trade-offs between accuracy and convenience whenever you construct a model.

EMS Cartoon

Modeling the Electromagnetic Spectrum consists of a demonstration which illustrates the power of models, a pre-assessment activity on student understanding of exponents, an activity for students to construct and compare a different model of the spectrum than the model commonly used in textbooks and on posters, and an assessment task for students to construct their own models of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Modeling the Electromagnetic Spectrum: Middle School
Modeling the Electromagnetic Spectrum: High School

Useful Resources:

This page is also available in pdf.