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X-ray/Ultraviolet composite NGC 4631
(Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/UMass/D.Wang et al., UV: NASA/GSFC/UIT)

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NGC 4631:
Chandra Detects Halo Of Hot Gas Around Milky Way-Like Galaxy


NGC 4631
Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/UMass/D.Wang et al., Optical: NASA/HST/D.Wang et al.

This image shows central region of the spiral galaxy NGC 4631 as seen edge-on from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and Hubble Space Telescope. The Chandra data (shown in blue and purple) provide the first unambiguous evidence for a halo of hot gas surrounding a galaxy that is very similar to our Milky Way. The structure across the middle of the image and the extended faint filaments (shown in orange) represent the observation from Hubble that reveals giant bursting bubbles created by clusters of massive stars. Scientists have debated for over 40 years whether the Milky Way has an extended corona, or halo, of hot gas. Observations of NGC 4631 and similar galaxies provide astronomers with an important tool in the understanding our own galactic environment.

A team of astronomers, led by Daniel Wang of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, observed NGC 4631 with Chandra's Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) instrument. The observation took place on April 15, 2000, and its duration was approximately 60,000 seconds.

Fast Facts for NGC 4631:
Credit  X-ray: NASA/CXC/UMass/D.Wang et al., Optical: NASA/HST/D.Wang et al.
Scale  Image is 2.5 arcmin across.
Category  Normal Galaxies & Starburst Galaxies
Coordinates (J2000)  RA 12h 42m 07.30s | Dec +32° 32' 30"
Constellation  Canes Venatici
Observation Dates  April 15, 2000
Observation Time  17 hours
Obs. IDs  797
Color Code  Intensity
Instrument  ACIS
Distance Estimate  25 million light years
Release Date  July 19, 2001