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Groups & Clusters of Galaxies
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Groups & Clusters of Galaxies
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A Tour of Perseus and Virgo Clusters
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Chandra X-ray Image with Scale Bar
(Credit: X-ray: NASA/IOTA/S.Allen et al. Optical: HST)


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EMSS 1358+6245
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Galaxy Clusters and Dark Energy:
Astronomers Take the Measure of Dark Matter in universe


Abell 2390
Credit: X-ray: NASA/IOTA/S.Allen et al. Optical: HST

This montage shows two sets of Chandra X-ray Observatory images (left) and Hubble Space Telescope images (right) of the giant galaxy clusters Abell 2390 and MS2137.3-2353. The clusters are located 2.5 and 3.1billion light years from Earth respectively. The X-ray emission comes from the multimillion-degree gas that fills the clusters. Chandra provides detailed temperature maps for this gas and allows astronomers to precisely determine the masses of the clusters. Most of the mass is in the form of dark matter.

The Hubble Space Telescope optical images show the distribution of galaxies in the central regions of the clusters. The gravity of the dark matter associated with the brightest galaxies in the clusters and the cluster as a whole bends light from distant background galaxies to produce the giant arcs seen in the images. The Hubble Space Telescope data place independent constraints on the masses of the clusters that confirm the Chandra results.

Fast Facts for Abell 2390:
Credit  X-ray: NASA/IOTA/S.Allen et al. Optical: HST
Scale  12 x 9 arcmin across.
Category  Groups & Clusters of Galaxies
Coordinates (J2000)  RA 21h 53m 36.50s | Dec +26° 35' 27"
Constellation  Pegasus
Observation Dates  Nov 7, 1999
Observation Time  3 hours
Distance Estimate  2.5 billion light years
Release Date  September 06, 2001
Fast Facts for MS 2137.3-2353:
Credit  X-ray: NASA/IOTA/S.Allen et al. Optical: HST
Scale  4 x 3 arcmin across.
Category  Groups & Clusters of Galaxies
Coordinates (J2000)  RA 21h 40m 12.70s | Dec -23° 39' 27.00"
Constellation  Capricornus
Observation Dates  Nov 18, 1999
Observation Time  6 hours
Distance Estimate  3.5 billion light years
Release Date  September 06, 2001